History

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The Mutual Benefit Association Dante Alighieri

The Mutual Benefit Association Dante Alighieri

The mutual benefit societies began to flourish in Italy since the revolutionary movements of 1848 to compensate for the non- existence in the legislature of any social law to somehow regulate the world of work. Supported by the Savoy Legislature, which recognized the mutual aid societies to acquire legal powers, associations multiplied, especially in northern Italy between 1860 and 1870 . Even emigrants abroad soon felt the need to create […]

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The Rouse Massacre

The Rouse Massacre

The “Italian massacre” is one of a series of extreme violent episodes against Italian immigrants occurred at the turn of the XIX Century. The endless flow of immigration and the violence associated with labor agitation, which swept the country in the last decades of 1800, created an explosive mixture and spawned anti Italian sentiments, culminated in acts of lawless self-justice. This specific case happened after the finding of an agonizing […]

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Rouse Camp

Rouse Camp

The camp of Rouse was located around 10 miles South of Walsenburg and represented the southernmost CF&I property active in Huerfano County, named after the Huerfano Butte, a remnant of an ancient volcano standing single in the desert and called Huerfano (or orphan) by early Spanish explorers Coal exploitation in the area began as early as 1880 when a pioneer named George H. Wilson found coal along the Santa Clara creek […]

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CF&I history

CF&I history

The history of the Colorado Fuel & Iron Company follows the vision of a retired Civil War General: William Jackson Palmer. A medal of honor recipient in the Union Cavalry army, Palmer was a railroad engineer who worked at the developing rail infrastructure in Pennsylvania just before the war; returned to civil life he moved west and founded in 1870 his own Railroad Company: the Denver and Rio Grande Railway […]