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Cesare Pilati (1884)

Cesare Pilati (1884)

Cesare Pilati was born in Tassullo, Tyrol onMarch 21, 1884 to Germano and Viola Zambiasi. He was the fifth son of a large family (eleven kids total) originally from the neighbor village of Nanno. He arrived in America in April 1905 after his cousins Agostino and Giuseppe Bergamo employed in the Victor American Fuel mine of Maitland, next to Walsenburg. Soon he was working in Rouse  where his stay is […]

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Basilio Zanoni (1875)

Basilio Zanoni (1875)

  Basilio Zanoni was born in Cloz on June 18, 1875 to Angelo and Luigia Franch. He arrived in Colorado as a teenager in December 1891 and married Domenica Grosso  Trinidad  on December 2nd, 1896; he returned to Cloz where his first two children were born: Livio (Lee) in 1899 and Remigio (1906). Returned to America, he was joined by his family in February 1907; another two kids were born in […]

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The Antonelli

The Antonelli

Amongst the large Tyrolean community living in Rouse at the beginning of the twentieth century,  the contribution of Segonzano and vicinity was particularly important . In fact from the various villages of the Cembra Valley , there were about thirty people employed in mining only in the period between 1906 and 1908; including as many as 6 children of Giovanni Battista Antonelli and Domenica Toller, born in Piazzo di Segonzano : […]

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Giovanni Angeli (1874)

Giovanni Angeli (1874)

Giovanni Angeli was born in Tenna on Novembre 1st, 1874 to Dominico and  Teresa Passamani. He was a distant relative to my great grandfather Domenico (their fathers were half-brothers), and together they cross the ocean on the Red Line “Zeeland” from Antwerp to New York on December 1905, leaving in Tenna his pregnant wife,  Maria Valentini, whom he married in 1901. His employment in Rouse is documented from February 1906 through October […]

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The Anzelini

The Anzelini

  Lodovico, Luigi and Enrico Anzelini were three brothers born in the village Fondo, in the southernmost Austro-Hungarian Empire province of Tyrol (now Italy) to Nicolò and Caterina Graziadei. Luigi was the first to arrive in USA, born on January 24, 1880, he traveled aboard the ship “La Champagne” from Le Havre on  December 2, 1902 and settled shortly after in Trinidad in 1902. In February 1905 his younger brother Lodovico (born […]

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Michele Anselmo (1882)

Michele Anselmo (1882)

Michele Anselmo was born in the village of Grimaldi, next to Cosenza in the Southern Italian region of Calabria. Not much is known about his family in Italy, or his exact date of birth, from his employment records and the census data it is likely he was born between 1882 and 1884. He did arrive in Colorado probably around 1896, a little more than a boy, following two older brothers: […]

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The Anesi of Tenna

The Anesi of Tenna

GIovanni Silvio and  Valentino were three of the seven children of Andrea and Orsola Passamani; born in Tenna, in the Valsugana valley, respectively in 1871 , 1876 and 1881 they all tied their experiences in America to the community of Rouse . The first to arrive was Silvio, departed from the French port of Le Havre aboard “La Gascogne ” he arrived in New York on May 24, 1903 along with […]

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The Anesi of Lases

The Anesi of Lases

Davide, Napoleone and Edoardo were three of the eight kids of Antonio and Caterina Bernardi. Born in Lases in the Cembra Valley in Tyrol respectively in 1867, 1872 and 1876 they ventured to America at different times. First was Edoardo who arrived in Trinidad from Antwerp in December 1900, where in October 1902 he married Fiorentina Anesi. Edoardo did not work in Rouse but while in Trinidad, he was joined by his […]

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Samuel Jack Anderson (1869)

Samuel Jack Anderson (1869)

Samuel Jack Anderson was born in Murphy, Cherokee County, NC on August 5, 1869 to John Anderson and his second wife, Mildred Dugger. He lived his first years in Tennesse where his family resided in 1880 and where he enlisted in the US Army in 1893; being discharged in 1896, the same year married Henrietta Rush (Etta) in Ducktown, Tennessee where his first two daughters were born: Gracie (1897) and […]

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Eugenio Andreatta (1884)

Eugenio Andreatta (1884)

Amongst the Tyrolean community who worked in the Southern Colorado mine fields there are two possible matches with Eugenio Andreatta, both born in 1884, both baptized in Segonzano, and both working/residing in Rouse at some time. One, Eugenio Giovanni, was born on May 25, 1884 to Domenico and Teresa Zancanella; the other one, Antonio Eugenio, was born on August 11, 1884 to Antonio and Maria Antonelli. Eugenio Giovanni appears to […]

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Salvatore Andreatta (1875)

Salvatore Andreatta (1875)

Salvatore Andreatta was born in the village of Quaras, next to Segonzano in the Cembra Valley on November 9, 1875 to Giorgio and Francesca Anesi. He arrived in America from Le Havre in November 1897 and in 1902 was one of the co-founder, together with many other immigrants of the Società di Mutuo Soccorso Dante Alighieri, in Rouse. In February 1904 he married Rosa Frieri, sister of Giuseppe and Costante, both […]

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Emilio Andreatta (1885)

Emilio Andreatta (1885)

Emilio Andreatta was born in the village of Quaras, next to Segonzano in the Cembra Valley on August 2nd, 1885 to Agostino and Domenica Petri. His father Agostino belonged to the first wave of immigrants in search for gold in Silverton and surely had an influence on Emilio’s decision to venture in America. Having completed military service and borrowed money from a friend, he boarded a liner from Le Havre […]

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Fortunato Andreatta (1868)

Fortunato Andreatta (1868)

Fortunato Andreatta was born in the village Quaras near Segonzano in the Cembra Valley on September 16, 1868 to Matteo and Caterina Francescati. The Andreatta family knew emigration since the end of the eighties of the nineteenth century, Fortunato’s father and two brothers (Bartolomeo and Matteo ) in 1888, emigrated to Buenos Aires where they worked for three years for the construction of roads in the Argentinian capital. They returned to […]

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Francesco Buffi (1878)

Francesco Buffi (1878)

Francesco (Frank) Buffi was born on December 30, 1878 in the village of Saone, to Romedio and Teresa Marchiori. He emigrates to United States aboard the vessel “Philadelphia” from Southampton and arriving to New York on February 26, 1905. He was headed to the town of West Mineral, Kansas, where his elder sister Margherita had settled marrying another emigrant from Saone, Edoardo Battitori. Francesco soon heads to Colorado where Edoardo’s […]

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Giovanni Dalfior (1879)

Giovanni Dalfior (1879)

Giovanni (John) Dalfior  (1879 – 1967) John Dalfior was born in the village of Bivedo, Bleggio Superiore, in the Giudicarie valley of Trentino, the son of Silverio Dalfior and Albina Fina.  Along with his parents, older sister Ermenegilda and younger sister Mary, John arrived in New York on May 9, 1889, aboard the passenger ship “Westernland” of the Red Star Line out of Antwerp, Belgium.  He was 10 years old. […]

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Luciano Moneghini (1882)

Luciano Moneghini (1882)

Luciano Moneghini  (1882 – 1915) Luciano Moneghini was born in Storo, in the Giudicarie valley, the son of Simone Moneghini and Maria Maddalena Zontini.  Luciano arrived in New York on March 2, 1902, aboard the passenger ship “La Bretagne”, departing from Havre, France.  Before his years in Rouse, he worked in the coal mines near Canon City, Colorado, where he met Jennie Dalfior (1889 – 1958), who was the sister […]

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The Bellotti

The Bellotti

Fortunato (Fred) Bellotti  (1872 – 1940) and Giuseppe (Joe) Bellotti  (1876 – 1959) Fred and Joe Bellotti were born in the village of Cavaione, Bleggio Superiore, in the Giudicarie valley, the sons of Luigi Bellotti and Domenica Caliari.  Before immigrating to the United States in 1896, Fred was a knife-sharpener (grinder, or “moleta”), in which he had a push-cart mounted grindstone that he would push from place to place to sharpen […]

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The Mutual Benefit Association Dante Alighieri

The Mutual Benefit Association Dante Alighieri

The mutual benefit societies began to flourish in Italy since the revolutionary movements of 1848 to compensate for the non- existence in the legislature of any social law to somehow regulate the world of work. Supported by the Savoy Legislature, which recognized the mutual aid societies to acquire legal powers, associations multiplied, especially in northern Italy between 1860 and 1870 . Even emigrants abroad soon felt the need to create […]

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Antonio Boscia

Antonio Boscia

Antonio Boscia belongs to the first wave of immigration from Southern Italy to Colorado before 1900. A native of Naples his exact date of birth remains unknown, likely between 1855 and 1859. His entry into the U.S. should date around 1887, while that of his wife Rosa nine years later, 1896. He becomes a naturalized American citizen in Walsenburg on May 8, 1903, working in the mines of the area […]

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The Alessandrini

The Alessandrini

There are five Alessandrini registered in theRouse payrolls between 1905 and 1908 , all from Tenna and all returned Valsugana before the war, with the exception of one. The first to venture in America are Beniamino, born October 9, 1869 to Giovanni and Maria Anesi , and Andrea, born November 5, 1873 to Domenico and Caterina Oss, both arriving between 1902 and 1903 and found employment in the iron mines […]

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Ferdinando Amidei (1870)

Ferdinando was born in Fiumalbo Amidei in the province of Modena July 27, 1870 to Lorenzo and Pellegrina Brugioni, both farmers. His adventure in the United States begins in November 1897, when he embarked from Le Havre to New York freshly married Maddalena Gherardi, who will join him in Walsenburg in April 1899. Probably a relative of Domenico Amidei, recorded among the founders of the “Società di Mutuo Soccorso Dante […]

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The Berasi brothers

The Berasi brothers

The Berasi brothers belong to the large community of immigrants from Giudicarie living in Colorado and in particular in Rouse during the late nineteenth century. Romano (1869) , Angelo (1870) and Benedetto (1875) were born in the rural village of Marazzone to Giuseppe and Cattarina Fina and travel to Colorado between 1898 and 1890, finding work in the mines around Walsenburg and Trinidad and becoming American citizens in 1902: Romano […]

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Domenico Albertini (1875)

Domenico Albertini (1875)

In Tyrol, the diffusion of the surname Albertini, also very common in Northern Italy, in the second half of the nineteenth century is focused on a group of valleys to the north of Trento. There are several families emigrated to America, in particular, among the pioneers in Colorado, is Fedele Albertini (1852) emigrated from Val di Non in 1891 and joined by his wife Maria Zamboni in 1897 in Atoka […]

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The Brunelli Brothers

The Brunelli Brothers

The brothers Carlo and Giuseppe Brunelli were prominent figures within the first wave of emigration from Trentino to America. Born in the small community of Borgo Rango next to Bleggio Superiore, Tyrol, in 1854 (Carlo) and 1856 (Giuseppe) to Domenico  and Teresa Troggio; the first to emigrate to the United States was Joseph who came to Walsenburg in 1881 working in the mine Walsen from 1882 and 1887. Carlo joined him in […]

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Ernest Erskine (1891)

Ernest Erskine (1891)

A self contained community except for a resident doctor, Blossburg New Mexico was a coal mining town founded in 1881 and owned by the Raton Coal and Coking Company and the Santa Fe Railroad. The community reached  1000 souls at its peak but in 1894 after a deadly explosion followed by a strike, the mine closed; operations resumed few miles south shortly after but the population sharply declined to 100 […]

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Alexander Erskine (1856)

Alexander Erskine (1856)

Alexander Erskine was born in January 1856 in the village of Polmont, Stirlingshire, few miles west of Edinburgh in Scotland. As described in the National Gazetteer of Great Britain and Ireland of 1868:  “POLMONT, a parish in the county of Stirling, Scotland. It includes, besides the village of its own name, those of Redding and Bennetstone. It extends in length about 6 miles from N.E. to S.W., with an extreme […]

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Joe Devine (1861)

Joe Devine (1861)

Joe Devine’s real name was Octave Joseph Victor Rivard dit Lavigne and he was born on January 21, 1861  in a small community in Quebec called Nicolet-Yamaska, next to Trois Riviers, on the Saint Lawrence river. The first of seven kids moved to the United States some time in the late 1800′s assuming the more pronounceable name of Joe Devine. At the beginning of 1900′s he is in Colorado working […]

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Domenico Angeli (1867)

Domenico Angeli (1867)

Domenico Angeli was born on  the evening of November 25, 1867 in Tenna, a small village in Tyrol at that time part of the Austro Hungarian Empire. His parents, Giovanni Battista and Caterina Valentini were both farmers, like the majority of Tenna population whose economy in the middle of XIX century was mostly based on vines and silk worms farming for the spinning mill of Pergine, few miles away. In […]

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The Rouse Massacre

The Rouse Massacre

The “Italian massacre” is one of a series of extreme violent episodes against Italian immigrants occurred at the turn of the XIX Century. The endless flow of immigration and the violence associated with labor agitation, which swept the country in the last decades of 1800, created an explosive mixture and spawned anti Italian sentiments, culminated in acts of lawless self-justice. This specific case happened after the finding of an agonizing […]

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Rouse Camp

Rouse Camp

The camp of Rouse was located around 10 miles South of Walsenburg and represented the southernmost CF&I property active in Huerfano County, named after the Huerfano Butte, a remnant of an ancient volcano standing single in the desert and called Huerfano (or orphan) by early Spanish explorers Coal exploitation in the area began as early as 1880 when a pioneer named George H. Wilson found coal along the Santa Clara creek […]

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CF&I history

CF&I history

The history of the Colorado Fuel & Iron Company follows the vision of a retired Civil War General: William Jackson Palmer. A medal of honor recipient in the Union Cavalry army, Palmer was a railroad engineer who worked at the developing rail infrastructure in Pennsylvania just before the war; returned to civil life he moved west and founded in 1870 his own Railroad Company: the Denver and Rio Grande Railway […]